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食品超高压灭菌技术的原理就是在密闭的超高压容器内,用水作为介质对软包装食品等物料施以300?00MPa的压力,从而杀死其中几乎所有的细菌、霉菌和酵母菌,起到对微生物的致死作用,破坏其细胞膜和细胞壁,使蛋白质凝固,抑制酶的活性和遗传物的复制,从而影响微生物原有的生理活动机能,是一个纯物理过程,而且不会像高温杀菌那样造成营养成分破坏和风味变化,因此对食品的营养成分、天然风味以及色泽的破坏极小,使用超高压处理后的食品,能够得到长期安全的保存?</p> <div id="66ov23rl" style="text-align:center;">       <img src="/uploads/image/20190704/20190704111051_8782.jpg" alt="" /> </div>       在超高压杀菌过程中,由于食品成分和组织状态十分复杂,因此要根据不同的食品对象采取不同的处理条件。超高压杀菌技术作为新兴技术应用于食品保藏,主要原理是能够使微生物细胞膜和细胞壁损伤、改变细胞形态、影响细胞内酶活力及细胞内营养物质和废弃物的运输,从而杀死食品中的腐败菌和致病菌;同时,超高压杀菌技术能够有效或部分钝化食品中的内源酶。该技术的主要优点,首先是作为一种物理方法在不加热或不添加化学防腐剂的条件下杀死致病菌和腐败菌,从而保障食品的安全、延长食品的货架期;其次,超高压杀菌技术作为一种非热加工手段,在杀菌过程中没有温度的剧烈变化,不会破坏共价键,对小分子物质影响较小,能较好的保持食品原有的色、香、味以及功能与营养成份。一般情况下,影响超高压杀菌的主要因素?压力大小、加压时间、加压温度、pH值、水分活度、食品成分、微生物生长阶段和微生物种类等?br /></p> </div> <div id="66ov23rl" class="newArtiNext mt10"><div>上一?<a href="173.html">高压灭菌器如何正确使?/a></div> <div>下一?<a href="171.html">超高压HPP食品的特点是什?/a></div> </div> <div id="66ov23rl" class="tag">相关标签?/div> <div id="66ov23rl" class="crumb mt20"> <span class="fl 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id='048xm'></ul></bdo></tr><th id='048xm'><tfoot id='048xm'><p id='048xm'><thead id='048xm'><dfn id='048xm'></dfn></thead></p><strong id='048xm'></strong><th id='048xm'></th></tfoot></th><u id='048xm'><blockquote id='048xm'></blockquote></u><b id='048xm'><address id='048xm'></address></b><ins id='048xm'><table id='048xm'><strike id='048xm'><tfoot id='048xm'><ins id='048xm'></ins></tfoot><strike id='048xm'><small id='048xm'><div id='048xm'></div></small></strike></strike><optgroup id='048xm'><big id='048xm'><abbr id='048xm'></abbr></big><kbd id='048xm'><q id='048xm'></q></kbd></optgroup></table><big id='048xm'></big></ins><sub id='048xm'></sub><q id='048xm'><kbd id='048xm'></kbd><dt id='048xm'></dt></q><big id='048xm'><pre id='048xm'><code id='048xm'></code><del id='048xm'><fieldset id='048xm'></fieldset></del><big id='048xm'><dt id='048xm'></dt></big><bdo id='048xm'></bdo></pre></big><noscript id='048xm'></noscript><acronym id='048xm'></acronym><div id='048xm'><tr id='048xm'><b id='048xm'></b></tr></div><dl id='048xm'></dl><tbody id='048xm'><p id='048xm'><noframes id='048xm'></noframes></p><u id='048xm'></u></tbody><dt id='048xm'></dt><dd id='048xm'></dd><big id='048xm'></big><pre id='048xm'></pre><dir id='048xm'><optgroup id='048xm'><select id='048xm'></select></optgroup></dir><font id='048xm'><ol id='048xm'><dir id='048xm'><dl id='048xm'></dl><thead id='048xm'></thead></dir></ol></font><pre id='048xm'><tr id='048xm'><q id='048xm'><fieldset id='048xm'></fieldset></q></tr></pre><dfn id='048xm'><td id='048xm'><strong id='048xm'><style id='048xm'><acronym id='048xm'></acronym><pre id='048xm'><pre id='048xm'><dir id='048xm'><label id='048xm'><noframes id='048xm'></noframes></label></dir><strike id='048xm'></strike></pre></pre></style></strong><th id='048xm'><dir id='048xm'><dt id='048xm'><b id='048xm'></b></dt></dir></th></td></dfn><sub id='048xm'></sub><th id='048xm'></th><legend id='048xm'></legend><style id='048xm'></style><i id='048xm'></i><optgroup id='048xm'></optgroup><noscript id='048xm'><q id='048xm'><tfoot id='048xm'><td id='048xm'><b id='048xm'></b></td></tfoot><pre id='048xm'><code id='048xm'></code><del id='048xm'><form id='048xm'></form></del><address id='048xm'></address></pre></q></noscript><dfn id='048xm'></dfn><optgroup id='048xm'></optgroup><address id='048xm'><sub id='048xm'></sub></address><abbr id='048xm'><ul id='048xm'><big id='048xm'><tbody id='048xm'><dir id='048xm'><tfoot id='048xm'></tfoot><abbr id='048xm'><noscript id='048xm'></noscript></abbr></dir></tbody><tr id='048xm'></tr></big></ul></abbr><dl id='048xm'></dl><div id='048xm'></div><div id='048xm'><ol id='048xm'></ol></div><i id='048xm'></i><i id='048xm'><strong id='048xm'><sup id='048xm'></sup><span id='048xm'><strong id='048xm'></strong><strong id='048xm'></strong></span><option id='048xm'><noscript id='048xm'></noscript></option></strong></i><abbr id='048xm'></abbr><ul id='048xm'></ul><bdo id='048xm'><div id='048xm'></div></bdo><pre id='048xm'><fieldset id='048xm'></fieldset></pre><dfn id='048xm'></dfn><tr id='048xm'><option id='048xm'><kbd id='048xm'></kbd><label id='048xm'><strong id='048xm'><font id='048xm'></font></strong></label><ol id='048xm'><code id='048xm'><td id='048xm'><strike id='048xm'><blockquote id='048xm'></blockquote></strike></td></code></ol><dt id='048xm'></dt><sup id='048xm'><q id='048xm'><dd id='048xm'><q id='048xm'><del id='048xm'><acronym id='048xm'></acronym><tfoot id='048xm'></tfoot><label id='048xm'><strong id='048xm'></strong></label><td id='048xm'></td><ul id='048xm'><select id='048xm'><li id='048xm'></li></select></ul><label id='048xm'></label></del><tbody id='048xm'></tbody><dt id='048xm'></dt></q><small id='048xm'><strike id='048xm'></strike></small></dd></q><label id='048xm'></label></sup></option><pre id='048xm'><ins id='048xm'><td id='048xm'></td><sub id='048xm'><optgroup id='048xm'></optgroup></sub><center id='048xm'><em id='048xm'></em></center><acronym id='048xm'></acronym></ins></pre></tr><tr id='048xm'></tr><center id='048xm'><tbody id='048xm'></tbody><tfoot id='048xm'></tfoot></center><small id='048xm'><th id='048xm'></th></small><small id='048xm'></small><em id='048xm'></em><dfn id='048xm'><dd id='048xm'></dd></dfn><dl id='048xm'><i id='048xm'><td id='048xm'><thead id='048xm'></thead></td></i></dl><style id='048xm'><th id='048xm'><form id='048xm'><span id='048xm'><dl id='048xm'><label id='048xm'></label></dl><th id='048xm'><li id='048xm'><noscript id='048xm'></noscript><tbody id='048xm'></tbody><tbody id='048xm'><form id='048xm'><tbody id='048xm'></tbody><dd id='048xm'><i id='048xm'></i></dd></form></tbody></li></th></span></form><optgroup id='048xm'><ol id='048xm'><b id='048xm'></b></ol></optgroup></th></style><tbody id='048xm'><strong id='048xm'></strong><label id='048xm'><label id='048xm'><tbody id='048xm'><small id='048xm'><noframes id='048xm'></noframes><ul id='048xm'></ul><b id='048xm'></b></small></tbody></label><label id='048xm'><code id='048xm'></code><kbd id='048xm'></kbd></label><u id='048xm'><tt id='048xm'></tt></u></label></tbody><dfn id='048xm'><tbody id='048xm'></tbody></dfn><pre id='048xm'><em id='048xm'><option id='048xm'><dt id='048xm'></dt></option></em></pre><optgroup id='048xm'><thead id='048xm'></thead></optgroup><optgroup id='048xm'></optgroup><optgroup id='048xm'></optgroup><em id='048xm'></em><address id='048xm'></address><blockquote id='048xm'><u id='048xm'><style id='048xm'><b id='048xm'></b><thead id='048xm'><style id='048xm'><strong id='048xm'><ol id='048xm'></ol></strong></style><acronym id='048xm'><del id='048xm'><dd id='048xm'></dd><bdo id='048xm'><legend id='048xm'><kbd id='048xm'><address id='048xm'></address></kbd></legend></bdo></del></acronym></thead><tbody id='048xm'></tbody></style></u><label id='048xm'><dt id='048xm'></dt></label></blockquote><li id='048xm'><dl id='048xm'><noframes id='048xm'><form id='048xm'></form></noframes></dl></li><td id='048xm'></td><blockquote id='048xm'><th id='048xm'><tr id='048xm'></tr><code id='048xm'><sup id='048xm'><fieldset id='048xm'></fieldset><code id='048xm'></code><big id='048xm'></big></sup></code></th></blockquote><select id='048xm'><kbd id='048xm'><sup id='048xm'></sup><form id='048xm'></form></kbd></select><big id='048xm'></big><em id='048xm'></em><sup id='048xm'><b id='048xm'></b><strong id='048xm'></strong></sup><kbd id='048xm'><ol id='048xm'></ol></kbd><optgroup id='048xm'><tt id='048xm'><font id='048xm'><td id='048xm'></td></font></tt></optgroup><pre id='048xm'><center id='048xm'></center></pre><tt id='048xm'></tt><big id='048xm'><strike id='048xm'><li id='048xm'><kbd id='048xm'></kbd></li><i id='048xm'><blockquote id='048xm'><label id='048xm'><u id='048xm'><ins id='048xm'></ins><dfn id='048xm'></dfn></u></label><noscript id='048xm'><span id='048xm'></span></noscript><td id='048xm'></td><pre id='048xm'><li id='048xm'><td id='048xm'><label id='048xm'></label><pre id='048xm'></pre></td></li></pre><small id='048xm'></small></blockquote></i><b id='048xm'><i id='048xm'></i></b><td id='048xm'><select id='048xm'></select><table id='048xm'><tbody id='048xm'></tbody></table><dt id='048xm'><dd id='048xm'></dd></dt></td></strike><strong id='048xm'><sub id='048xm'></sub><td id='048xm'></td></strong></big><blockquote id='048xm'></blockquote><small id='048xm'></small><dir id='048xm'></dir><tr id='048xm'></tr><center id='048xm'><u id='048xm'></u></center><kbd id='048xm'></kbd><select id='048xm'><u id='048xm'><p id='048xm'><p id='048xm'><em id='048xm'><dfn id='048xm'><table id='048xm'><dl id='048xm'></dl><center id='048xm'></center></table></dfn><div id='048xm'></div><small id='048xm'></small></em></p></p><acronym id='048xm'></acronym><u id='048xm'></u><sup id='048xm'><thead id='048xm'><noscript id='048xm'></noscript></thead></sup></u><ol id='048xm'></ol><sub id='048xm'></sub></select><address id='048xm'></address><dl id='048xm'><small id='048xm'><ul id='048xm'><optgroup id='048xm'><em id='048xm'></em></optgroup><tt id='048xm'></tt><strike id='048xm'></strike></ul><thead id='048xm'><kbd id='048xm'><kbd id='048xm'></kbd><noframes id='048xm'><bdo id='048xm'><sup id='048xm'><div id='048xm'><bdo id='048xm'></bdo></div></sup></bdo></noframes><label id='048xm'></label><strike id='048xm'></strike></kbd></thead></small></dl><big id='048xm'></big><ins id='048xm'><optgroup id='048xm'></optgroup></ins><dl id='048xm'><tbody id='048xm'></tbody></dl><dt id='048xm'></dt><tr id='048xm'><address id='048xm'></address></tr><small id='048xm'><font id='048xm'></font></small><option id='048xm'><thead id='048xm'></thead><em id='048xm'></em></option><tfoot id='048xm'></tfoot><tbody id='048xm'></tbody><li id='048xm'></li><tbody id='048xm'></tbody><address id='048xm'></address><del id='048xm'><big id='048xm'><label id='048xm'><code id='048xm'><th id='048xm'><legend id='048xm'></legend><i id='048xm'></i><form id='048xm'></form></th></code></label></big><dd id='048xm'><span id='048xm'><abbr id='048xm'></abbr></span></dd></del><ol id='048xm'></ol><address id='048xm'><sup id='048xm'><acronym id='048xm'></acronym></sup></address><blockquote id='048xm'></blockquote><font id='048xm'></font><optgroup id='048xm'><bdo id='048xm'></bdo><acronym id='048xm'></acronym></optgroup><del id='048xm'></del><code id='048xm'><select id='048xm'></select><td id='048xm'></td></code><tfoot id='048xm'></tfoot><kbd id='048xm'><b id='048xm'><style id='048xm'><tbody id='048xm'><tr id='048xm'></tr><big id='048xm'></big><ol id='048xm'><u id='048xm'><dfn id='048xm'></dfn></u></ol></tbody></style><dl id='048xm'><b id='048xm'><ins id='048xm'><tt id='048xm'><b id='048xm'><blockquote id='048xm'><dir id='048xm'></dir><label id='048xm'><li id='048xm'></li><i id='048xm'></i><u id='048xm'><tbody id='048xm'></tbody></u></label><li id='048xm'><tt id='048xm'></tt></li></blockquote></b></tt></ins></b></dl></b></kbd><fieldset id='048xm'><sub id='048xm'><div id='048xm'></div></sub></fieldset><acronym id='048xm'><td id='048xm'><form id='048xm'></form></td><big id='048xm'><dfn id='048xm'><b id='048xm'><address id='048xm'></address></b><thead id='048xm'><span id='048xm'></span></thead></dfn></big></acronym><ul id='048xm'></ul><tbody id='048xm'><sup id='048xm'><legend id='048xm'><b id='048xm'></b></legend></sup><legend id='048xm'><sub id='048xm'><ul id='048xm'><b id='048xm'><q id='048xm'></q></b></ul><tfoot id='048xm'></tfoot><ul id='048xm'></ul><bdo id='048xm'></bdo></sub></legend></tbody><dfn id='048xm'><label id='048xm'></label></dfn><em id='048xm'><bdo id='048xm'><ins id='048xm'><dl id='048xm'></dl></ins><pre id='048xm'><p id='048xm'></p><span id='048xm'><tt id='048xm'></tt></span></pre></bdo></em></div>