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 水产品蛋白质的变化因实际使用的压力而不同。当压力100?00MPa时,蛋白质结构(包括酶)变化是可逆的,低?50MPa的压力可以影响蛋白质的疏水相互作用,使蛋白质的四级结构发生变化;高于200MPa的压力会导致蛋白质发生不可逆反应。将鲤鱼肌肉?00?50?00MPa的高压处理之后,储存?℃条件下,发现用350MPa?500MPa高压处理后肌肉中??次黄嘌呤核苷水平下降,说明高压使ATP酶失活。另外,来自同种原料的不同种蛋白质,对压力的敏感性表现不同,如鱼类肌肉中的肌球蛋白在100?00MPa高压下发生变性,而肌动蛋白要?00MPa下才发生变性?</p> <p style="text-align:center;"> <img src="/uploads/image/20191113/20191113092611_3437.jpg" alt="" width="500" height="334" title="" align="" /> </p> 2 超高压对水产品脂质的影响<br />        水产品的脂肪中富含不饱和脂肪酸,在一般的加工贮藏条件下,容易发生氧化反应。因此,解决水产品加工中的脂肪氧化问题始终是不可回避的问题。据报道,当?06MPa流体静压处理萃取的沙丁鱼?0min时,过氧化值和硫代巴比妥酸都没有变化。当高于400MPa的压力处理鱼肉时,则大部分鱼产品都会发生脂质氧化反应。这说明纯鱼油在超高压下表现稳定,但分布在水产品中的脂肪及其组织则在超高压作用下会发生变化,出现脂质氧化反应而影响水产品的颜色、气味等品质。这似乎在一定程度上限制了超高压技术在鱼产品加工中的应用。但是,经过高压处理的淡腌海鳗,随着保藏时间的增加,硫代巴比妥酸值逐渐减小,而且压力越大,其减小的值越明显,并得出600MPa处理可以极大地抑制淡腌海鳗脂肪氧化。因此,超高压对水产品脂质的影响目前还得不出一个规律性的结论,尚需要进一步的研究?br /> 3 超高压对水产品水分的影响<br />        水产品的最大特点之一就是水分含量高,而水分在超高压作用下表现为冰点下降。目前,很少见到超高压对水产品中的水分影响的报道,但是根据高压下冰点下降和压力瞬间传递的原理,可知超高压技术用于水产品的快速冻结和解冻是可行的?br /></p> </div> <div id="66ov23rl" 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